Today in Korean history

1945 Korea is liberated from Japan's colonial rule, which began in 1910. On the same day, Yeo Unhyung (18861947), a leftleaning nationalist, sets up a national foundation preparation committee.

1948 The government of the Republic of Korea, or South Korea, is established.

1953 The South Korean government moves the country's capital back to Seoul from Busan, a port city 453 kilometers southwest of Seoul. The government made the switch to Busan after North Korea started the Korean War in June 1950.

1974 Moon Sekwang, a 23yearold KoreanJapanese man, attempts to assassinate then President Park Chunghee at a ceremony to mark the anniversary of Korea's liberation from Japan's colonial rule. Park was not injured, but his wife, Yook Youngsoo, suffered a fatal gunshot wound to the head. Moon was arrested, sentenced to death and executed.

1995 The South Korean government starts to demolish a building used as the Japanese governorgeneral's office during Japan's colonization of the Korean Peninsula.

2000 The first reunions of separated families from South and North Korea since the division of the peninsula in 1948 are held in Seoul and the North's capital Pyongyang. The reunions were arranged in accordance with an agreement at the historic interKorean summit in Pyongyang in June 2000.

2005 South and North Korea hold a reunion of 40 separated families via video for the first time.

2010 South Korean President Lee Myungbak proposes a threestage reunification plan with North Korea and introduces a unification tax to prepare for the huge financial burden expected if the two Koreas are reunited.

2012 South Korea expresses regret after Japanese Cabinet members and lawmakers resumed the longcondemned ritual of paying homage at a Tokyo shrine seen as a symbol of Japan's imperialistic past.

2014 Pope Francis prays for those who lost their lives in the Sewol ferry sinking that claimed about 300 lives and met with representatives of the survivors and bereaved families during his South Korean trip.

Source: Yonhap news Agency

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